History of Pen and Gesture Computing:
Annotated Bibliography in On-line Character Recognition,
Pen Computing, Gesture User Interfaces and Tablet and Touch Computers

(DOI: 10.13140/2.1.3018.8322)
Copyright © 20180619 20:13:40 EDT

This posting of an annotated bibliography on gesture user interfaces, on-line character recognition (a.k.a. dynamic character recognition, a.k.a. pen and touch computing), both hardware and software, has been a continuing work-in-progress since the 1980s. It includes information on related application topics, such as digital rights management (DRM), portable computing, cryptographic communications, and biometric authentication. I am posting it as a service to those with interest in the field. It may also be of special interest to anyone investigating any of the areas of digitizer tablets, touchscreens, character recognition, touch/gesture user interfaces, multi-touch computing, passive and active tactile feedback, touch and proximity sensors, augmented reality, haptics, context-dependent intrepretation of user input, and applications including the same. It covers the time period from approximately 1891 (first electronic tablet) through 1914 (first gesture/handwriting-recognition input system) to the present day.

Jean Renard Ward For additional information on Rueters-Ward Services,
including my CV for consulting or as an expert witness:
URL:   http://www.ruetersward.com.)
e-mail: jrward@alum.mit.edu
Google Voice: 617-600-4095

References from the approximate years 1996 to 1998.

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"The diving bell has been abandoned on the Thames in favor  
 of the diving bell dress [diving suit], because the workers
 employed were found, while the Westminster Bridge was being
 built, to spend their time at the bottom in playing cards, 
 and there was of course no effectual means of keeping a    
 check on them.                                             
 It is not easy to play cards in a diving dress alone,      
 however, and the remedy has proved very satisfactory       
 to the management."                                        
-- News item in Scientific American, April 1866.
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Gefährlich ist, wer zu feige ist zu widersprechen.
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