List of Recurring Sources:

Aletheia, M. D., The Rationalist's Manual (1897):

AWM: Australian War Memorial Fact Sheet []

"B&J": Jacob Bercovitch and Richard Jackson, International Conflict : A Chronological Encyclopedia of Conflicts and Their Management 1945-1995 (1997)

Bodart, Gaston, Losses of Life in Modern Wars (1916)

Britannica, 15th edition, 1992 printing

Brzezinski, Zbigniew, Out of Control: Global Turmoil on the Eve of the Twenty-first Century (1993).

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Africa (1981)

The Cambridge History of Africa (1986), ed. J. D. Fage and R. Oliver

CDI:  The Center for Defense Information, The Defense Monitor, "The World At War: January 1, 1998".

Chirot, Daniel: Modern Tyrants : the power and prevalence of evil in our age (1994)

Chomsky, Noam,  The Chomsky Reader (1987); Deterring Democracy (1991)

Clodfelter, Michael, Warfare and Armed Conflict: A Statistical Reference to Casualty and Other Figures, 1618-1991

Compton's Encyclopedia Online v.2.0 (1997)

COWP: Correlates of War Project at the University of Michigan []

Courtois, Stephane, The Black Book of Communism, 1997

Davies, Norman, Europe A History (1998)

Dictionary of Twentieth Century World History, by Jan Palmowski (Oxford, 1997)

Dictionary of Wars, by George Childs Kohn (Facts on File, 1999)

DoD: United States Department of Defense []

Dumas, Samuel, and K.O. Vedel-Petersen, Losses of Life Caused By War (1923)

Dunnigan, A Quick and Dirty Guide to War (1991)

Eckhardt, William, in World Military and Social Expenditures 1987-88 (12th ed., 1987) by Ruth Leger Sivard.

Edgerton, Robert B, Africa's armies: from honor to infamy: a history from 1791 to the present (2002)

Encarta, Microsoft Encarta '95.

FAS 2000: Federation of American Scientists, The World at War (2000)

Gibbon, Edward, Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

Gilbert, Martin, A History of the Twentieth Century (1997)

Global Security: The World At War []

Grenville, J. A. S., A History of the World in the Twentieth Century (1994)

Hammond Atlas of the 20th Century (1996)

Harff, Barbara & Gurr, Ted Robert: "Toward an Empirical Theory of Genocides and Politicides", 32 International Studies Quarterly 359 (1988).

Hartman, T., A World Atlas of Military History 1945-1984 (1984)

Henige, David, Numbers From Nowhere, (1998)

Johnson, Paul, Modern Times (1983); A History of the Jews (1987)

Kuper, Leo, Genocide: its political uses in the Twentieth Century (1981)

Levy, Jack, War in the Modern Great Power System (1983)

Marley, David, Wars of the Americas (1998)

Our Times: The Illustrated History of the 20th Century (Turner Publishing 1995)

"PGtH": Stuart and Doris Flexner, The Pessimist's Guide to History (1992, updated 2000)

"Ploughshares": Project Ploughshares, Armed Conflicts Report 2000

Porter, Jack Nusan, Genocide and Human Rights (1982)

Rosenbaum, Alan S., Is the Holocaust Unique? Perspectives on comparative genocide (1996)

Rummel, Rudolph J.: China's Bloody Century : Genocide and Mass Murder Since 1900 (1991); Lethal Politics : Soviet Genocide and Mass Murder Since 1917 (1990); Democide : Nazi Genocide and Mass Murder (1992); Death By Government (1994),

Sheina, Robert L., Latin America's Wars: The Age of the Caudillo, 1791-1899 (2003)

"S&S": Small, Melvin & Joel David Singer, Resort to Arms : International and Civil Wars 1816-1980 (1982)

Singer, Joel David, The Wages of War. 1816-1965 (1972)

SIPRI Yearbook: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

Skidmore, Thomas E. (and Peter H. Smith), Modern Latin America, 4th ed., 1997

Smith, Dan:  The State of War and Peace Atlas (1997); The New State of War and Peace (1991); The War Atlas (1983) with Michael Kidron

Sorokin, Pitirim, Social and Cultural Dynamics, vol.3 (1937, 1962)

Timeframe AD 1900-1925 The World In Arms (Time-Life)

Timeframe AD 1925-1950 Shadow of the Dictators  (Time-Life)

Timeframe AD 1950-1990 Nuclear Age (Time-Life)

Totten, Samuel, ed., Century of Genocide: Eyewitness Accounts and Critical Views (1997)

Urlanis, Boris, Wars and Population (1971)

Wallechinsky: David Wallechinsky's Twentieth Century : History With the Boring Parts Left Out (1995).

War Annual: The World in Conflict [year] War Annual [number].

Wertham, Fredric, A Sign For Cain : An Exploration of Human Violence (1966)

"WHPSI": The World Handbook of Political and Social Indicators by Charles Lewis Taylor

"WPA3": World Political Almanac, 3rd Ed. (Facts on File: 1995) by Chris Cook.