Dual diagnosis refers to Co-occuring Disorders of Mental Health disorders and Substance Abuse disorders (alcohol and/or drug dependence or abuse).
Dual Diagnosis, and Dual/Multiple disorders profiles may include the following:
They are also found outside of these systems of care, often among the homeless, and within the criminal justice system.
Acronyms that define various dual disorders:
MICAA: Mentally Ill, Chemical Abusers, and Addicted. Denotes the severely mentally ill chemical abuser. (Sciacca, 1991)
MISA: Mentally Ill Substance Abuser. May denote various combinations of dual disorders with or without severe mental illness.
MIDAA*, This denotes the inclusion of Mental Illness, Drug Addiction and Alcoholism in various combinations as dual/multiple disorders.
CAMI: Chemical Abusing Mentally Ill. This denotes Chemical abuse or dependence as primary with personality disorders (but without severe mental illness). (Sciacca,1991).
CAMI, With substance induced psychotic episodes: Same as CAMI with induced acute symptoms. (Sciacca,1991)
Reference: Sciacca, K. "An Integrated Treatment Approach for Severely Mentally Ill Individuals with Substance Disorders" New Directions for Mental Health Services, Jossey Bass Publ. Summer 1991,#50.
*MIDAA and logo are registered trademarks of Kathleen Sciacca and Sciacca Comprehensive Service Development for MIDAA.