Tool 
Effect 
Page 

Aperiodic quantum stochastic resonance (AQSR) 
Generates electrical current from nonthermal and thermal fluctuations 
6567 

Brownian motors 
Biases Brownian motion of particles, often in an anisotropic medium 
58 

Casimir engine 
Electrical current generator designed by Pinto using a microcantilever, microlaser and Casimir force 
4447 

Casimir force 
Attractive (or repulsive) force from two parallel plates about 1 micron apart 
6, 18, 50 

Cavity QED 
Alters atomic transition probability in small cavities 
20 

Dark energy 
ZPE that powers galactic acceleration, also measured in the lab 
67 

Dielectric constant of surface 
Affects Casimir force when illuminated by light 
45, 52, 53 

EinsteinHopf drag 
Retarding force from vacuum due to motion F= Rv 
55 

Electromagnetic ZPE Converter 
Dual sphere device using beat frequencies to downshift ZPE 
2744 

Femtosphere 
Particle size where QM and Rutherford scattering applies 
4044 

FluctuationDissipation theorem 
Source+dissipation=fluctuation; Predicts and explains fundamental nature of ZPF 
11, 57 

Fluctuationdriven transport 
Mechanism that can convert chemical energy into motion of particles and macromolecules 
58 

Focusing vacuum fluctuations 
Increases energy density of ZPE and attractive Casimir force 
4849 

FokkerPlanck equation 
Can apply to ferrofluid system to predict noisedriven motion of particles 
64 

Langevin's equation 
Like FD theorem, helps design Brownian motors 
58, 63 

Lasing without inversion (LWI) 
Sustained laser output from microlasers which have long radiation cavity lifetime 
56 

Magnetic field 
Inhibits Casimir force 
20 

Microbox geometry 
Varies Casimir force from + attractive to  repulsive 
5051 

Microcantilever 
Flexible membrane that displays Casimir deflection 
44, 49 

Microlaser 
Solid state laser 2 microns across 
46 

Nonresonant ion trap 
Electrfied cavity that concentrates charged particles 
44 

PhotoCarnot engine 
Allows extraction of work from a single thermal reservoir where radiation is the working fluid 
56 

Quantum coherence 
Changes relative strengths of emission and absorption in a cavity 
57 

Quantum ratchet 
Repeating cells that move particles with fluctuationdriven transport 
5960 

Recoil 
Increases the energy of a dipole, associated with photon absorption and emission, both of which are in the same direction 
55 

Rectifying thermal noise 
Generates electrical current with asymmetric external potential 
64 

Resonance 
Can trap scattering particles into bound state 
42 

Resonant fluorescence 
Dramatically increases absorption when incident energy equals binding energy of target 
41 

Sonoluminescence 
ZPE caused light emission due to extreme temperature and pressure 
21 

Spatial squeezing of vacuum 
Can double photon emission from cavity by changing dimensions abruptly 
48 

Temperature 
Increase will broaden resonance peak 
39 

Thermal fluctuations/noise 
temperaturecaused stochastic oscillations and vibrations 
6263 

Timedependent refractive index 
Causes part of ZPE to convert to real photons 
53 

Transient fluctuation theorem 
Nonzero probability for negative work for short periods of time 
61 

UnruhDavies Effect 
Acceleration causes ZPE to create thermal fluctuations 
53 

Upscattering 
Gain of energy to incident particle up to 10 kT energy 
39 

Vacuum field amplification 
Increases quantum nonthermal noise with a gain medium 
67 

Vacuum field perturbations 
Nonabelian EM field may alter speed of light/object 
55 

Vacuum polarization 
Increase in local activity in the quantum vacuum near the edge of a physical charged particle 
10 
