Future Energy eNews    IntegrityResearchInstitute.org        Dec. 9, 2006       

1) Nobel Prize Winner Video Interview - Dr. Steven Chu discusses the global energy problem
2) New Fuel Cell Mimics Dry Cell Battery - Mold into any shape, no bolts, and biodegradable plastic
3) Advanced Propulsion Concepts Retired at NASA - Dr. Eric Davis explains how it happened
4) Physics Promises Wireless Energy - Charge laptops wirelessly like Tesla always wanted to
5) LED Lightbulb Project - Only 3% of energy cost: 60 W brightness from a 2 W bulb
6) EPA to Regulate Nano Silver - Safe electrotherapeutic colloid gets classified as a pesticide  
7) Video Documentary Presents Energy Solutions - Classic zero point energy video now on DVD
8) Is Nuclear Fusion Possible - Editor of Energy Biz newsletter analyzes the industry 
9) FREE Future Energy Technology DVD - COFE2 DVD giveaway as Arlington posts all of the slides
 

1) THE ENERGY PROBLEM
Nobel Prize winner Steven Chu
Watch Video <
www.honeywellscience.com/honeywell.ns?param1=chu_module_2.swf&param2=The%20Energy%20Problem> (Length: 2:12)

Digital Discoveries

Designed to inspire the next generation of engineers and scientists, The Honeywell - Nobel Initiative establishes a forum for students worldwide to learn directly from Nobel Laureates in Chemistry and Physics through a combination of live on-campus events, interactive content and broadcast programs that expand upon Nobelprize.org's educational outreach efforts.

These originally shot interviews of Nobel Prize winning physics and chemistry Laureates provide a rare opportunity to hear from the greatest scientific minds of our time. Click
www.honeywellscience.com <http://www.honeywellscience.com> to watch more unique Nobel Laureate videos.


2) NEW FUEL CELL PATENT ISSUED
 
Phillip J. Petillo, Ph.D., Phil-Lu Incorporated, www.philluinc.com
 
Ocean, NJ - A new fuel cell patent has been issued to Phillip J. Petillo, Patent No. 6,998,188.
The new patent introduces low cost fuel cells on the technological scene.
 
Parts
 
The fuel cell parts are injection molded plastic, common electrical connections are external, and connect by means of simple attachment. The membrane is coated with selenium compounds in place of platinum. The selenium is 60% of platinum membrane outputs and current research hopes to increase this capacity. Each cell is independent and plugs into a manifold, so each cell is easily changed or replaced if necessary. There are no bolts holding the fuel cell together.
 
Shape
 
The fuel cell can be made in any shape or form to fit any space. This simple design provides opportunity to turn conventional circuit boards into fuel cells where one side would have components and the other side would be the fuel cell made into one piece. This design solves the problem of taking up the space of electronic components and is applicable to cell phones, lap top computers, and any handheld electronic device.
 
Power
 
The fuel cell is low pressure and powered by the Petillo Hydrogen Generator which is 65% Sodium Borohydride Gel with a low PH. The Generators are biodegradable plastics with no moving parts and mimics conventional dry cell batteries. View the Petillo Generators at www.uspto.gov under Patent Applications. The application numbers are 2004009392 and 0050016840. More applications are being filed currently as the research continues to progress.
 
License
 
We are seeking companies who are interested in using this technology and to further expand the power densities of the fuel cells and hydrogen generators as well as safe hydrogen storage. We will be publishing our latest test results as they become available. This technology is owned and developed by Phil-Lu Incorporated, a self-funding corporation, privately owed.
 
Contact Information
 
Phil-Lu Incorporated, 1206 Herbert Ave. Ocean, NJ 07712.
Phone: 732-531-6338. FAX: 732-531-3045;
Email: philluinc@aol.com and the website is www.philluinc.com 
Phillip J. Petillo, Ph.D. Engineer and Lucille A. Petillo, CEO

3) Advanced Propulsion Concepts Retired at NASA
 
Dr. Eric Davis is a physicist with the Institute for Advanced Studies at Austin and a presenter at STAIF (Space Technologies Application Information Forum) held each year in Albuquerque, NM. - Ed Note
 
----- Original Message -----
From: "Dr. Eric W. Davis" <ewdavis@earthtech.org>
To: "Tim Ventura" <tventura6@comcast.net>
Cc: Sent: Thursday, November 16, 2006 1:03 PM
Subject: RE: 21ST-CENTURY WORMHOLE TECHNOLOGY
 
The political realities in Washington are that NASA has been forced
to abandon advanced space propulsion and power R&D in order to
support the President's return to the Moon initiative using
conventional legacy spaceflight technology.  This automatically
requires all of NASA's contractors within the aerospace industry to
gear their R&D programs toward that goal, and so they themselves
will abandon their own breakthrough R&D efforts (not many big
companies have one anymore) in order to land future NASA
contracts that support conventional technology Moon missions.

The war in Iraq and Afghanistan has forced DARPA, AFRL, NRL,
and the ARL to also abandon their own breakthrough advanced
concepts R&D.  They are not getting any money from the Pentagon
to fund advanced concepts that do not benefit the warfighter.  At
Pentagon briefings the stated objectives for R&D monies that are to
be given to the military service research labs is specifically to
address breakthrough technologies that benefit the warfighter in the
near-term 5-year operational planning period.

Some of the more exotic technologies being pursued under this
mandate are laser rockets, antimatter technologies, invisibility, and
quantum teleportation.  Funding for anything else is largely at the
tiny phase I study level, which is quite small.  Phase II money is
largely constrained to the number of recipients.

And there is still significant resistance among the more highly
decorated, well published sectors of the academic physics
community against supporting BPP research at universities because
they see it largely as an endeavor that competes for funding with
physics programs that the larger community agrees upon in
advance, what they define to be a legitimate physics need for
federal funding for accepted areas of research.  Most of the highly
decorated, well published academic physicists don't believe in FTL,
giant gravitomagnetic forces, gravity or mass modification, etc.

Fortunately, however, there are many academic physicists at
universities around the country that don't buy into the mainstream
view, but they form a minority and have no power to swing the
academic culture to our side in large enough numbers to
significantly influence federal science funding policies.  But there
are the beginnings of small engineering department programs in a
couple of universities that are evolving toward a BPP research
curriculum and degree program.  The research money they will try to
obtain from federal sources is still quite small.

The only way BPP R&D will get funded is by private sources in
private R&D venues.

Eric

On 15 Nov 2006 at 15:15, Tim Ventura wrote:

>
> Hi Mohammad & Tony:
>
> While NASA has been traditionally reticent to engage in BPP
> (Section-F) style research, I believe that government-wide efforts
> like the National Nanotechnology Initiative are giving "Section-E"
> style technologies the type of credibility that will eventually lead
> to NASA implemenation. Hopefully, by combining elements of
> nanotechnology and advanced IT capabilities with advanced
propulsion
> physics research will provide a new path to breakthrough
propulsion
> that's more palatable to conservative interests than past efforts.
>
> Tim


4) Physics Promises Wireless Power
Jonathan Fildes, Science and technology reporter, BBC News, Nov. 15, 2006 
http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/em/fr/-/2/hi/technology/6129460.stm

The tangle of cables and plugs needed to recharge today's electronic gadgets could soon be a thing of the past.

US researchers have outlined a relatively simple system that could deliver power to devices such as laptop computers or MP3 players without wires. The concept exploits century-old physics and could work over distances of many metres, the researchers said.

Although the team has not built and tested a system, computer models and mathematics suggest it will work. "There are so many autonomous devices such as cell phones and laptops that have emerged in the last few years," said Assistant Professor Marin Soljacic from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and one of the researchers behind the work.

"We started thinking, 'it would be really convenient if you didn't have to recharge these things'. "And because we're physicists we asked, 'what kind of physical phenomenon can we use to do this wireless energy transfer?'." The answer the team came up with was "resonance", a phenomenon that causes an object to vibrate when energy of a certain frequency is applied.

This would work in a room let's say but you could adapt it to work in a factory - Marin Soljacic

"When you have two resonant objects of the same frequency they tend to couple very strongly," Professor Soljacic told the BBC News website. Resonance can be seen in musical instruments for example. "When you play a tune on one, then another instrument with the same acoustic resonance will pick up that tune, it will visibly vibrate," he said.

Instead of using acoustic vibrations, the team's system exploits the resonance of electromagnetic waves. Electromagnetic radiation includes radio waves, infrared and X-rays. Typically, systems that use electromagnetic radiation, such as radio antennas, are not suitable for the efficient transfer of energy because they scatter energy in all directions, wasting large amounts of it into free space.

To overcome this problem, the team investigated a special class of "non-radiative" objects with so-called "long-lived resonances". When energy is applied to these objects it remains bound to them, rather than escaping to space. "Tails" of energy, which can be many metres long, flicker over the surface. "If you bring another resonant object with the same frequency close enough to these tails then it turns out that the energy can tunnel from one object to another," said Professor Soljacic.

Hence, a simple copper antenna designed to have long-lived resonance could transfer energy to a laptop with its own antenna resonating at the same frequency. The computer would be truly wireless. Any energy not diverted into a gadget or appliance is simply reabsorbed. The systems that the team have described would be able to transfer energy over three to five metres. "This would work in a room let's say but you could adapt it to work in a factory," he said. "You could also scale it down to the microscopic or nanoscopic world."

Old technology

The team from MIT is not the first group to suggest wireless energy transfer. Nineteenth-century physicist and engineer Nikola Tesla experimented with long-range wireless energy transfer, but his most ambitious attempt - the 29m high aerial known as Wardenclyffe Tower, in New York - failed when he ran out of money.

Others have worked on highly directional mechanisms of energy transfer such as lasers. However, these require an uninterrupted line of sight, and are therefore not good for powering objects around the home. A UK company called Splashpower has also designed wireless recharging pads onto which gadget lovers can directly place their phones and MP3 players to recharge them. The pads use electromagnetic induction to charge devices, the same process used to charge electric toothbrushes.

One of the co-founders of Splashpower, James Hay, said the MIT work was "clearly at an early stage" but "interesting for the future". "Consumers desire a simple universal solution that frees them from the hassles of plug-in chargers and adaptors," he said. "Wireless power technology has the potential to deliver on all of these needs." However, Mr Hay said that transferring the power was only part of the solution.

"There are a number of other aspects that need to be addressed to ensure efficient conversion of power to a form useful to input to devices." Professor Soljacic will present the work at the American Institute of Physics Industrial Physics Forum in San Francisco on 14 November. The work was done in collaboration with his colleagues Aristeidis Karalis and John Joannopoulos.

HOW WIRELESS POWER COULD WORK
1) Power from mains to antenna, which is made of copper
2) Antenna resonates at a frequency of 6.4MHz, emitting electromagnetic waves
3) 'Tails' of energy from antenna 'tunnel' up to 5m (16.4ft)
4) Electricity picked up by laptop's antenna, which must also be resonating at 6.4MHz. Energy used to re-charge device
5) Energy not transferred to laptop re-absorbed by source antenna. People/other objects not affected as not resonating at 6.4MHz
 
Charging Batteries without Wires

By Kate Greene http://www.technologyreview.com/InfoTech/17791/

New MIT research reveals a way to send wireless energy to mobile phones and laptops.
 
Small, battery-powered gadgets make powerful computing portable. Unfortunately, there's still a continual need to recharge the batteries of phones, laptops, cameras, and MP3 players by hooking them up to a tangle of wires. Now researchers at MIT have proposed a way to cut the cords by wirelessly supplying power to devices.

"We are very good at transmitting information wirelessly," says Marin Soljacic <
http://www.mit.edu/~soljacic/>, professor of physics at MIT. But, he says, historically, it's been much more difficult to transmit energy to power devices in the same way. Soljacic, who was a 2006 TR35 winner (see "2006 Young Innovator </tr35/Profile.aspx?Cand=T&TRID=472>"), and MIT colleagues Aristeidis Karalis and John Joannopoulos <http://ab-initio.mit.edu/people.html> have worked out a theoretical scheme for a wireless-energy transfer that could charge or power devices within a couple of meters of a small power "base station" plugged into an electrical outlet. They presented the approach on Tuesday at the American Institute of Physics's Industrial Physics Forum, in San Francisco.
The idea of beaming power through the air has been around for nearly two centuries, and it is used to some extent today to power some types of radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags. The phenomenon behind this sort of wireless-energy transfer is called inductive coupling, and it occurs when an electric current passes through wires in, for instance, an RFID reader. When the current flows, it produces a magnetic field around the wires; the magnetic field in turn induces a current in a nearby wire in, for example, an RFID tag. This technique has limited range, however, and because of this, it wouldn't be well suited for powering a roomful of gadgets.

To create a mid-range wireless-energy solution, the researchers propose an entirely new scheme. In it, a power base station would be plugged into an electrical outlet and emit low-frequency electromagnetic radiation in the range of 4 to 10 megahertz, explains Soljacic. A receiver within a gadget--such as a power-harvesting circuit--can be designed to resonate at the same frequency emitted by the power station. When it comes within a couple of meters of the station, it absorbs the energy. But to a nonresonant device, the radiation is undetectable.

Importantly, the energy that's accessed by the device is nonradiative--that is, it doesn't spread out in all directions. This is due to the low frequency of the radio waves, says John Pendry <
http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/people/j.pendry>, professor of physics at Imperial College, in London. Electromagnetic radiation comes in two flavors: near-field and far-field. The intensity of low-frequency radiation drops quickly as a person moves farther away from the base station. In other words, the far-field radiation that propagates out in all directions isn't very strong at low frequencies, hence is essentially useless. (Wi-Fi signals, in comparison, are able to remain strong for tens of meters because they operate at a higher frequency of 2.4 gigahertz.)

However, the near-field radiation, which stays close to the base station, contains quite a bit of energy. "If you don't do anything with it, it just sits there," says Pendry. "It doesn't leak away." This bound-up energy, which extends for a couple of meters, is extracted when a resonant receiver on a gadget comes within range.

At this point, the work is still theoretical, but the researchers have filed patents and are working to build a prototype system that might be ready within a year. Even without a prototype, though, the physics behind the concept is sound, says Freeman Dyson <
http://www.sns.ias.edu/~dyson/>, professor of physics at the Institute for Advanced Study, in Princeton, NJ. "It's a nice idea and I have no reason to believe that it won't work."

Pendry suspects that people might be squeamish about the idea of wireless energy radiating throughout the air. "Whenever there's powerful energy sources, people worry about safety," he says. Depending on the application, he says, either the electric or the magnetic portion of the near-field radiation could be handy. Using the electric field would pose a health risk, and would be better employed in applications in which people aren't nearby, he says. Conversely, using the magnetic field would be much safer and could be implemented just as easily. "I can't think of any reason to worry [about health concerns]," he says, "but people will."

Soljacic also suspects that the wireless power systems would be safe, based on his calculations and on the known health effects of low-frequency radio waves.

Ideally, says Soljacic, the system would be about 50 percent as efficient as plugging into an outlet, which would mean that charging a device might take longer. But the vision for this sort of wireless-energy setup, he says, is to place power hubs on the ceiling of each room in the house so that a phone or laptop can be constantly charging from any location in a home.


5) Bring the Power to the People
 
EarthTech products.com Press Release http://www.earthtechproducts.com/led-campaign-.html
 
Earthtech Products is on a mission
 
Our mission together with each and everyone of you is to reduce 2000 megawatts of power produced by nuclear generating power plants by simply replacing as many energy sapping 60 watt incandescent bulbs with LED light bulbs.

Our Bring the Power to the People campaign gives the people the power to drive change by taking the power away from the power companies literally by using less power with energy efficient LED light bulbs. If you want to be involved with something world changing make a commitment to replacing at least one 60 watt incandescent bulb with an energy efficient LED light bulb.Join us in counting down 2000 megawatts!

Attention New Yorkers
 
On March 30th 2006, the Albany Times Union quoted then Democratic candidate for governor Eliot Spitzer calling for a bigger, tougher environmental policy that would include closing the Indian Point nuclear plant. He called for more incentives for renewable energy such as solar, hydro and wind power, and said the Indian Point nuclear power plant in Westchester County should be closed as soon as replacement sources can be found for the 2,000 megawatts it produces. The commercialization of ultra-efficient LED Light Bulbs will, with all of your support, provide Governor Spitzer with all the replacement power he requires. Courtesy of Rock The Reactors.

Can we really do this?

Now we realize that 2000 megawatts is alot of power but if we could all get our colleges, friends and local organizations involved this is DOABLE and we are very excited that LED technology is letting us do more with less as innovation always does.

What else can you do to get involved?

* Send this Page to a Friend, College, Influential Organization, or Community Leader <http://ui.constantcontact.com/sa/fp.jsp?plat=i&p=f&m=mrqddwbab>
and help us spread the word.

* Bloggers: Use your influence to help us spread the word and share your ideas with us.

* Customers: Share with us how you have used your LED light bulb and send us your photos...we'll follow up with a featured photo page.

* Link to us and lets reach far with this!
To learn more about the benefits of LED light bulbs see our charts below. To learn more about which LED light bulb suits your needs and application please see our LED Light Bulb product detail pages
Shop LED Light Bulbs Now <energy-saving-led-light-bulbs.html>

How much money will I save by switching to LED light bulbs?

Life Span & Energy Saving Benefits of LED Light Bulbs vs. Incandescent Light Bulbs
Incandescent 60 Watt Light Bulb vs. Earthtech 2 Watt LED Light Bulb
Life Span: How long will the light bulb last? 1,000 hours vs. 60,000 hours
How many bulbs used over 60,000 hour period: 60 bulbs vs. Only 1 bulb
Bulb cost over 60,000 hours $40.20 (60 bulbs at .67 cents each) $39.99
Electricity Usage: kWh of electricity used over 60,000 hours 3600 kWh vs. only 120 kWh
Cost of Electricity: 60,000 hours at 10˘ per kWh $360.00 vs. $12.00
Total Cost After 60,000 hours $400.20  vs. $51.99
Total Savings: Money saved by installing one Earthtech LED Light Bulb Total Savings: $348.21 per bulb!

LED Light Bulb Benefits

Save money in electricity costs Instant on/off
Light the color of daylight Works in cold weather
Use only 2-10 watts of electricity (1/3rd to 1/30th of Incandescent or CFL) Can sustain moderate power surges
Long lasting - up to 60,000 hour bulb life Durable bulbs with no fragile filaments to break from shaking and rattling
Cool running (warm to the touch) - little heat compared to standard bulbs Directional lighting generates less wasted light
Works with sensor activated lights Works with most dimmer switches
 
For more information    http://www.earthtechproducts.com


6) EPA to Regulate a Form of Nanotechnology for the First Time 
Associated Press, Dec. 5, 2006,  http://www.technologyreview.com/read_article.aspx?id=17829&ch=nanotech

WASHINGTON (AP) -- Consumer products using extremely small particles of silver to kill germs will need Environmental Protection Agency approval, part of the government's first move to regulate the burgeoning nanotechnology industry.The EPA said Wednesday it was changing federal policy to require that manufacturers provide scientific evidence that their use of nanosilver won't harm waterways or public health.

Environmentalists and others are concerned that after the material is discarded and enters the environment, it may be killing helpful bacteria and aquatic organisms or even pose a risk to humans. Nanosilver is used to kill germs in shoe liners, food-storage containers, air fresheners, washing machines and other products. Silver is among the most common type of nanomaterials marketed to consumers, of which more than 200 now exist, according to the Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies, which is funded by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and the Pew Charitable Trusts.

But the EPA doesn't plan to oversee most nanomaterials, which can be as small as one-millionth the width of a head of a pin. The Washington Post reported the EPA's decision in Thursday editions. The Washington-based Daily Environment Report published the first story on the decision Tuesday. The aim of nanotechnology, in the commercial world, is to develop new products and materials by changing or creating materials at the atomic and molecular level. But much of the impacts from those developments remains unknown, particularly with regard to possible environmental and health problems.

The Food and Drug Administration also is considering whether to regulate nanotech products.EPA officials decided a year ago that a major pesticide law, the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act, should not apply to washing machines because they were considered devices. But after re-examining its decision and regulations, agency officials reversed course and decided ''that the release of silver ions in the washing machines is a pesticide, because it is a substance released into the laundry for the purpose of killing pests,'' EPA spokeswoman Jennifer Wood said in an interview with The Associated Press.

''This is now being considered a pesticide,'' Wood said. ''So it does have to be regulated under FIFRA.''
------
On the Net:

Environmental Protection Agency's nanotechnology site: www.epa.gov/ncer/nano <http://www.epa.gov/ncer/nano>
Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies: www.nanotechproject.org <http://www.nanotechproject.org/>

7) Video Documentary on New Energy
Provides Solutions to Energy Crisis

Fred Burks, Lee Buyea Fla News Service, Nov. 25, 2006
http://www.wanttoknow.info/060630newenergyvideodocumentary

An inspiring video on new energy available for free viewing on Google Video is the best documentary available on new energy sources which can powerfully transform our world. The award-winning documentary, Free Energy—The Race to Zero Point, provides a thorough, professional examination of the leading theories and practical inventions that tap into zero point energy—now acknowledged by quantum physicists to exist in all space as a potential source of infinite and accessible electromagnetic energy. Respected engineers and scientists explain in understandable terms how amazing new energy technologies and inventions can go beyond alternative energy to solve the energy crisis on our planet.

To view this inspiring new energy documentary on Google Video:
http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-8943205214784769158

By illuminating the historical contributions of the many visionaries pioneering the new energy field, this engaging documentary will transform the way you think about science and energy. Working models of a variety of engines which—by tapping the zero point field—produce more energy than they consume are both explained and demonstrated by numerous creative inventors. Any one of these inventions could resolve the energy and oil crisis if only given the proper attention and funding, yet certain vested interests stand to lose billions of dollars should they succeed. How far will they go to suppress these breakthrough technologies?

To understand why the amazing inventions discussed in this powerful documentary are receiving little media attention, see http://www.WantToKnow.info/newenergysources. This informative two-page overview explains the key reasons why this critical topic receives so little attention, yet has such a tremendous potential to transform our lives and world. By each of us choosing to educate ourselves and to spread the word to our friends and colleagues, we can play a key role in building a brighter future for ourselves and for future generations. Thanks for caring, and you have a great day!

Note: This empowering new energy video documentary is also available for purchase at:
http://www.lightworksav.com/index.asp?PageAction=VIEWPROD&ProdID=2405

And for lots more reliable information on this vital topic, see our New Energy Information Center at:
http://www.WantToKnow.info/newenergyinformation

PEERS and the WantToKnow.info Team    

Fred Burks is a Former language interpreter for Presidents Bush and Clinton 



8) Is Nuclear Fusion Possible?

http://www.energycentral.com/centers/energybiz/ebi_detail.cfm?id=246
  December 4, 2006

Ken Silverstein, EnergyBiz Insider
Editor-in-Chief

It's not a function of science. It's a matter of whether the richest countries are willing to pay for it. That's what believers in nuclear fusion are saying and it's behind the signing of an agreement by 31 countries to build the most advanced nuclear reactor.

Representatives of nations that are kicking in $12.8 billion to build a nuclear fusion reactor commemorated the start of the so-called International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) in France to be erected near the southern city of Marseille. French President Jacques Chirac hosted the event in late November, which involved representatives from other European nations as well as Japan, South Korea, Russia and the United States.

"If nothing changes, humanity will have consumed, in 200 years, most of the fossil fuel resources accumulated over hundreds of millions of years," says Chirac, in a public statement. "It is the victory of the general interest of humanity." The reactor will get built in eight years, although a demonstration project is unlikely before 2040.

Global energy consumption is expected to rise by 60 percent over the next two decades -- a product of industrialization and population growth, particularly in China and India. The issue is compounded as more than three-fourths of the world's energy is produced by burning fossil fuels. As a greater emphasis is placed on limiting greenhouse gases associated with such combustion, there's now a need to come up with environmentally benign technologies.

Enter nuclear power and specifically nuclear fusion. Fusion is responsible for powering the sun and stars. So, the goal is to imitate that process on earth, although it is extremely difficult and expected to take as much as 50 years to do.

Today's nuclear reactors use fission that produces energy when atoms are split apart. In contrast, fusion releases energy as atoms are combined -- a process that thus far consumes more energy than it generates. The aim is to heat hydrogen gas to more than 100 million degrees Celsius so that the atoms will fuse together instead of bouncing off one another. The end result of that fusion process is the production of 10 million times more power than a typical chemical reaction, such as the burning of fossil fuel.

That's why the consortium of 31 nations has come together, all to try and get over the hurdles. The costs will be split among the participants, with the United States expected to ante up about 10 percent, or $1.2 billion. Existing experiments have shown it is possible to replicate the suns energy here on earth, the participants emphasized.

"There is no possibility of a runaway reaction and because the gas will be so dilute, there is not enough energy inside the plant to drive a major accident and not much fuel would be available to be released to the environment if an accident did occur," says Kaname Ikeda, ITER's director-general, in a piece written for the BBC of London.

No Guarantees

Without a doubt, success is anything but certain. Because hydrogen plasma is heated to 100 million degrees Celsius, it will damage the vessel that contains the substance. Those are expensive parts that would often have to be replaced.

An article in the journal Science argues that scientists can spend more time and money trying to solve that plasma problem and other engineering issues. But, the reality is that nuclear fusion will never come to pass. That's despite four decades of research and $20 billion already spent. Beyond that, fusion power may be 50 years off and the energy landscape could look drastically different by then.

"The history of this dream is as discouraging as it is expensive," wrote William Parkins, in Science magazine. He has passed away but he was chief scientist at Rockwell International and a physicist who worked on the Manhattan Project.

Proponents of nuclear fusion beg to differ with that viewpoint. They say that the current global energy market is now valued at $3 trillion a year -- an amount that will expand proportionately as developing nations modernize their economies. Much of that consumption is fossil fuel-fired and any energy source that can displace that value would help better the human condition and the environment, they say.

At the same time, those advocates go on to say that efficiency efforts and renewable energy -- while essential -- will not diminish in a major way the world's reliance on coal, natural gas and oil. A large scale nuclear project with an eye toward the future is therefore necessary and practical.

"I was less convinced 30 years ago [that fusion could become practical] but we have made incredible progress," Miklos Porkolab, director of the Plasma Fusion Center at MIT, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, told New Scientist. "The science is going to work," he says, "and the rest is economics."

Nuclear energy currently comprises 16 percent of the global energy mix. But the International Atomic Energy Agency says that environmental concerns over fossil fuels and the fact that they are a depleting resource mean the use of reactors that use nuclear fission will grow. It predicts such power will generate 27 percent of all worldwide energy by 2030, although most of the growth will occur in Asia where 22 of the last 31 plants have been built.

In the coming decades, scientists and other researchers are designing fission reactors that are expected to be increasingly sophisticated. Longer term, however, many of those experts have their eye on nuclear fusion -- a technology that they argue is critical not just to nuclear development but to all of power generation.

 
Respond to the editor: energybizinsider@energycentral.com

9) "Progress in Future Energy Technologies" - DVD Giveaway
 
Thomas Valone, Future Energy eNews, Dec. 4, 2006 www.IntegrityResearchInstitute.org
 
WASHINGTON -- Dec. 4. As the future shock from the recent, technology-packed Conference on Future Energy rebound throughout the media, most all of the speakers PowerPoint presentations are now available for FREE.
Arlington Institute has graciously hosted the posted ppt files on their website www.arlingtoninstitute.org/library/related_writings_05.asp for public access.
 
COFE DVDs Available 
 
In conjunction with their free access, good-will gesture, Integrity Research Institute announces a public service educational program, for a limited time, designed to share the latest developments in emerging energy technologies and to create an interest in the DVDs of all of the 14 presenters. Visit the IRI Order Page http://users.erols.com/iri/orderform14.html and scroll down to the  AUDIO/VIDEO TAPES, CDs, DVDs section. The entire set of COFE2 presenters' DVDs are on sale for only $195.  
 
Free Future Energy DVD
 
As a FREE sample offer, the recent presentation by President Tom Valone at the Second International Conference on Future Energy entitled, "Progress in Future Energy Technologies" is now available on a miniDVD for FREE to anyone in the world upon request by email, mail, or fax.
 
It is a highly entertaining, humorous, fast-paced 35 minute slide show which reveals the summary of MITs 400,000 year summary of the earth's climate, temperature, sea level and CO2 levels, lots of new energy discoveries, and also a short video clip of the amazing "Air Car" which runs on compressed air. The presentation was well received with periodic laughs and applause, by about 150 attendees.
 
Three Access Routes
 
1) Fax request for "Free Future Energy DVD" to 301-513-5728 with the mailing address.
2) Email subject "Free Future Energy DVD" to iri@erols.com with postal address, or
3) Snail Mail request for "Free Future Energy DVD" on postcard to the new office of Integrity Research Institute, 5020 Sunnyside Ave., Suite 209, Beltsville MD 20705 and include your return address.
 

Provided as a public service from www.IntegrityResearchInstitute.org dedicated to scientific integrity in emerging energy.