Future Energy eNewsDecember 2, 2002
1)New York Times issues a "Quest for clean energy" which must begin now in order to meet our future energy needs. (Notice how some people eventually start thinking about future energy when all else fails?)
2) Calling for a "Revolutionary advanced technology" this recentIndependent UK article quotes a NY University professor concerning environmental options. It even mentions that little-known, failed attempt using reflective particles in the atmosphere to reduce global warming. (See next article too.)
3) Welsbach Seeding = Chemtrails = Toxic Reflective Particles.In case you haven't heard of this one, IRI has uncovered a violation of the Clean Air Act where Raytheon Corporation apparently took it on themselves to enlist the military of several countries to distribute the toxic aluminum-barium "Welsbach seeding" (US patent #5,003,186), openly experimenting on the world's population to see if reflecting solar energy would work to reduce global warming. When IRI cornered the Raytheon PR Dept at 781-860-2520, David Polk replied, "no comment" to every question.
4)Iraqi oil will be an American bonanza for US oil companies. If there was any doubt, U.S. war efforts from the Bush White House apparently represents oil interests. (Attached is a dramatic color poster courtesy of Mad magazine that serves to portray the black humor of the pending Iraqi war.)
1) Scientists Say A Quest For Clean Energy Must Begin Now
By Andrew C. Revkin, New York Times, Friday, November 1, 2002
Meeting the world's rising energy needs without increasing global warming will require a research effort as ambitious as the Apollo project to put a man on the moon, a diverse group of scientists and engineers is reporting today.
To supply energy needs 50 years from now without further influencing the climate, up to three times the total amount of energy now generated using coal, oil, and other fossil fuels will have to be produced using methods that generate no heat-trapping greenhouse gases, the scientists said in today's issue of the journal Science. In addition, they said, the use of fossil fuels will have to decline, and to achieve these goals research will have to begin immediately.
Without prompt action, the atmosphere's concentration of greenhouse gases, mainly carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels, is expected to double from pre-industrial levels by the end of this century, the scientists said.
"A broad range of intensive research and development is urgently needed to produce technological options that can allow both climate stabilization and economic development,"the team said.
The researchers called for intensive new efforts to improve existing technologies and develop others like fusion reactors or space-based solar power plants. They did not estimate how much such a research effort would cost, but it is considered likely to run into tens of billions of dollars in government and private funds.
The researchers, a team of 18 scientists from an array of academic, federal, and private research centers, said many options should be explored because some were bound to fail and success, somewhere, was essential.
The researchers all work at institutions that might themselves benefit from increased energy research spending, but other experts not involved in the work said the new analysis was an important, and sobering, refinement of earlier projections.
As they now exist, most energy technologies, the scientists said, "have severe deficiencies." Solar panels, new nuclear power options, windmills, filters for fossil fuel emissions and other options are either inadequate or require vastly more research and development than is currently planned in the United States or elsewhere, they said.
The assessment contrasts with an analysis of climate-friendly energy options made last year by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, an international panel of experts that works under United Nations auspices. That analysis concluded that existing technologies, diligently applied, would solve much of the problem.
One author of the new analysis, Dr. Haroon S. Kheshgi, is a chemical engineer for Exxon Mobil, whose primary focus remains oil, which along with coal generates most of the carbon dioxide accumulating in the air from human activities.
Still, Dr. Kheshgi said on Thursday that "climate change is a serious risk" requiring a shift away from fossil fuels. "You need a quantum jump in technology," he said. "What we're talking about here is a 50- to 100-year time scale. Dr. Martin I. Hoffert, the lead author and a New York University physics professor, said he was convinced the technological hurdles could be overcome, but worried that the public and elected officials may not see the urgency.
In interviews, several of the authors and other experts said there were few signs that major industrial nations were ready to engage in an ambitious quest for clean energy.
Prof. Richard L. Schmalensee, a climate-policy expert and the dean of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sloan School of Management, said the issue of climate change remained too complex and contentious to generate the requisite focus. "There is no substitute for political will," he said.
The Bush administration has resisted sharp shifts in energy policy while Europe and Japan have accepted a climate treaty, the Kyoto Protocol that includes binding deadlines for modest cuts in gas emissions. At international climate talks that end today in New Delhi, leaders of developing countries rejected limits on their fast-growing use of fossil fuels, saying rich countries should act first.
President Bush has called for more research, led by the Energy Department, on many of the technologies examined in the new analysis. But some energy and climate experts said the extent of the challenge would likely require far more focus and money than now exists.
Among the possibilities are space-based arrays of solar panels that might beam energy to earth using microwaves. The panel described various nuclear options, including the still-distant fusion option and new designs for fission-based power plants that might overcome limits on uranium and other fuels.
Planting forests, which absorb carbon dioxide, cannot possibly keep up with the anticipated growth in energy use as developing countries become industrialized and as global population rises toward nine billion or more, the panel said.
Some environmental campaigners criticized the study's focus on still-distant technologies, saying it could distract from the need to do what is possible now to reduce emissions of warming gases.
"Techno-fixes are pipe dreams in many cases," said Kert Davies, research director for Greenpeace, which has been conducting a broad campaign against Exxon Mobil. "The real solution," he said, "is cutting the use of fossil fuels by any means necessary."
2) Only Technology Revolution Can Save The Earth
By Charles Arthur, Technology Editor, The Independent
Friday, November 1, 2002
Diplomacy has failed -- meaning that only a revolutionary advanced technology will save the Earth from relentless global warming driven by greenhouse gas emissions, scientists warned yesterday.
Avoiding a catastrophic effect on climate from the burning of fossil fuels would require political will, international cooperation and huge resources, said the team from a group of American universities. But "no amount of regulation" could solve the problem, they said.
Instead it would need dramatic leaps in technology, such as working fusion reactors, solar panels the size of Manhattan floating in space, and a "global grid" of superconducting power transmission lines to distribute electricity without loss around the world.
Even short-term "defensive" measures -- such as removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and burying it in underground reservoirs, or filling the upper atmosphere with reflective molecules, or building a 1,250-mile-wide mirror in space to divert some of the sun's rays -- remain far beyond our capability, said Dr Martin Hoffert, professor of physics at New York University.
The researchers reported their findings in the journal Science, calculating that the world's primary power requirements could triple in the next 50 years. Models indicated the Earth's temperature could climb by up to 4.5C over the next century – a temperature change equal to that of the global cooling which caused the last Ice Age.
3) Global Warming Experiment Conducted with Reflective Particles Producing 'Chemtrails'
Hughes Aircraft patented #5,003,186 (now sold to Raytheon in Lexington, MA) a method to reduce the reflectivity of solar radiation in the infrared region, thus reducing global warming. However, no studies were done first to consider the environmental and health impact. The US Air Force apparently has conducted the seeding project, where the particles stay in the air up to one year (see patent), in direct violation of the Clean Air Act, which regulates PM-10 particles. Analysis of the aluminum particles landing on soil from the "chemtrail" spraying exceed five times the permissible levels in Canada. High aluminum levels in the brain has already been correlated with senility, hyperactivity, and Alzheimer's (Lancet's 1987 Perl study that finds the "route of entry of aluminum into body may be inhalation"). The Deep Sky program is simply treating the symptom and not the cause of global warming, while implicitly admitting the problem exists. What is worse is when the program is terminated and a step-wise increase in global temperature hits an otherwise chaotic system worldwide. IRI suggests writing your Representative in support of HR-2977 that bans chemtrails. See article below by William Thomas. -- TV
From: Elaine Smitha
Sent: Tuesday, March 05, 2002 9:26 PM
Subject: FW: Controllers Concerned Over Chemtrails
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Date: Tuesday, March 05, 2002 9:27 AM
Subject: Fw: Controllers Concerned Over Chemtrails
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AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS
CONCERNED OVER CHEMTRAILS
Vancouver, Canada Mar. 5, 2002 As continuing chemtrail activity culminated in massive aerial spraying over Vancouver Island and Washington state yesterday- and broadening plumes once again fanned out to haze clear blue skies - Air Traffic Controllers at major airports across the United States expressed concern over the emissions constantly showing up on their radar screens.
Chemtrails is the term widely used to describe the brilliant white trails laid down by U.S. Air Force tanker planes photo-identified over North America and a dozen other allied nations in a process the U.S. Air Force calls aerial obscuration .
First confirmed by Airport Authority Terry Stewart at the Victoria International Airport on Dec. 8, 2000 as a joint Canada-U.S. military operation and stridently denied by senior officers at Canadian Forces Base (where Stewart later told the Vancouver Courier he had received his information) these multi-plane missions were verified in March, 2001 by the Air Traffic Control (ATC) manager for the northeastern seaboard of the United States.
In three taped interviews with this reporter and veteran radio journalist S.T. Brendt, our Deep Sky source said that he had been ordered to divert incoming commercial flights away from USAF tankers spraying s substance that showed up on ATC radars as a haze ..
These radar returns are the signature of the fine aluminum particles found in laboratory tests of chemtrail-contaminated rain taken in Espanola, Ontario in the summer of 1999. The lab analysis found reflective quartz particles in the chemtrail fallout and levels of aluminum five-times higher than Ontario's maximum permissible health safety standards.
After NDP Defense critic Gordon Earle presented a petition signed by 550 Espanola residents to Parliament in November, 1999 demanding an end to aerial spraying by commercial or military aircraft, foreign or domestic which appeared to be making many people sick, DND eventually replied, It's not us.
The aluminum found in chemtrails over Ontario matches the 10 micron aluminum oxide called for in a 1991 patent #5,003,186 issued to Hughes Aircraft Company. "Welsbach Seeding for Reduction of Global Warming" refers to spreading highly reflective materials in the atmosphere to reflect enough incoming sunlight (1 to 2%) to slow rapidly-accelerating global warming.
Edward Teller, father of the H-bomb, called for this billion-dollar-a-year sky shield program after computer simulations at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory showed it would prevent warming over 85% of the planet's surface despite a predicted doubling of heat-trapping C02 in the atmosphere over the next 40 years.
But Ken Caldeira the climate expert who ran the computer model has warned that the stratospheric spraying of sunlight-reflecting chemicals could destroy the ozone layer and pose human health risks.
CONTROLLERS CONCERNED ACROSS U.S.
Starting last December, on heavy spray days, Deep Sky began calling companion controllers across the country. Were they seeing the same thing on their scopes? What were they being told?
In a fourth interview with reporter S.T. Brendt last week, Deep Sky stated that Air Traffic Controllers at Chicago's O'Hare airport, all three major airports in New York, Los Angeles LAX, San Francisco, Atlanta, Cleveland, San Diego, Washington DC's Dulles and Jacksonville, Florida were being ordered to route airliners beneath formations of Air Force tanker planes spraying something that regularly clouds their screens.
Several smaller but busy airports at Westchester County in New York state and Manchester in New Hampshire were also contacted by this an increasingly concerned Deep Sky - and confirmed similar experiences.
Every controller, without exception, is being told to divert traffic due to military exercises, and to bring in traffic lower because of experiments that may degrade their radars. The controllers at Cleveland's airport were surprised by the extent of obscuration on their radars.
CHEMTRAILS SCIENTIST BREAKS SILENCE
Ohio is the home of Wright-Patterson the air force base working with electromagnetic and weather modification technology. A scientist working at Wright-Pat recently told reporter Bob Fitrakis that two different projects are being conducted. One involves cloud creation experiments to lessen the effect of global warming. Other chemtrails are connected with the military's extremely high-power Radio Frequency beam weapon in Alaska called HAARP.
The scientist claims that the two most common substances being sprayed into chemtrails are aluminum oxide and barium stearate. When you see planes flying back and forth marking parallel lines, X-patterns and grids in a clear sky, that's aluminum oxide, according to the scientist. The goal is to create an artificial sunscreen to reflect solar radiation back into space to alleviate global warming. In some cases, barium may be sprayed in a similar manner for the purpose of high-tech 3-D radar imaging. (Columbus Alive Dec. 6, 2001)
CONGRESSIONAL BILL CALLS FOR CHEMTRAILS BAN
HR-2977 is creating a buzz in the Air Traffic Control community. Introduced last October by Ohio Rep. Dennis Kucinich, this bill called for the peaceful uses of space, and a ban on exotic weapons . Section 7 of the Space Preservation Act of 2001 sought specifically to prohibit chemtrails.
Kucinich recently told the Columbus Alive newspaper (Jan. 24, 2002) that despite official denials, as head of the Armed Services oversight committee, he is well acquainted with chemtrail projects. The truth is there is an entire program in the Department of Defense, Vision for 2020, that's developing these weapons, Kucinich told reporter Bob Fitrakis. The U.S. Space Command's 2020 vision calls for dominance of space, land, sea and air.
Though "section vii" naming chemtrails, HAARP and other planet-threatening weapons has since been removed in a substitute bill - under pressure according to Kucinich the original bill remains intact and on-file in the congressional record.
CONTRAILS VS CHEMTRAILS
The unusual white plumes reported by Air Canada pilots, police officers and former military personnel over Canada and the U.S. during the past three years are often contrasted by brief, pencil-thin contrails left by commercial jets flying above them.
Contrails form when water vapor clumps around dirt particles acting as nuclei. According to NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, contrails can only form at temperatures below minus 76 degrees, and humidity levels of 70 percent or more. Even in ideal conditions, contrails rarely last more than 20 minutes.
But atmospheric studies by NASA and NOAA - including TARFOX, ACE-Asia, ACE-I and II, INDOEX and Project SUCCESS - confirm that artificial clouds and contrails can be manufactured under conditions of low humidity by dispensing particles from aircraft. The smaller the size of the nuclei introduced into the atmosphere, the greater the rate of artificial cloud formation.
Controllers across the United States know from their professional training that these chemicals fall to the ground. Without exception they expressed their concern to Deep Sky about possible risks to human health,
They want to know what the heck is in there, S.T. Brendt reported. One of them said, "Aluminum or barium; that's not something you want to be breathing."
Over the last few months, the controller have been told that the troubling aerial operations involve climate experiments . Deep Sky s family continues to experience health problems, including his young son's gushing nose bleeds and episodes Sudden Onset Acute Asthma in his wife.
MEDIA SNOOZE WHILE VIEWERS LOSE
A working journalist for more than 30 years - whose writing and photography have appeared in more than 50 publications in eight countries award-winning Canadian reporter William Thomas says he is exasperated and embarrassed by his profession.
For the past three years, newspaper editors and TV news directors have been telling me to bring them proof of chemtrails. The more evidence I present, the more they back away from this story. It was the same with Gulf War Illness and all of the unasked questions surrounding 9-11. Once again, it seems that news managers would rather cover personalities, predictions and press releases than threats to Canadian sovereignty, the environment and the health of their communities.
In challenging news people to cover the news, Thomas charges that simply repeating official denials while ignoring a deluge of reports from experts and eye-witnesses across North America is not good enough.
This is not journalism, he says. This is propaganda.
William Thomas is the author of Chemtrails Confirmed and All Fall Down: The Politics of Terror and Mass Persuasion. His email is:
4) Iraqi Oil, American Bonanza? In a Post-War Iraq, U.S. Companies Could be Major Players
By John W. Schoen
November 11, 2002
The most visible dogfight over Iraq's future is playing out in diplomatic circles, as the U.S. tries to convince its skeptical allies that a "regime change" is imperative and military action inevitable. But another high-stakes, much less visible struggle is also quietly taking shape. Once U.N. economic sanctions on Iraq are lifted, who will develop - and control - Iraq's vast oil reserves?
Since U.N. sanctions choked off the flow of Iraqi oil a decade ago, Baghdad's role in world energy markets has been severely curtailed. Iraq's oil output is so low that many analysts believe that even a complete shut-off of Iraqi supplies would easily be made up by other oil producing countries. In fact, they may already have. Led by Saudi Arabia, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries quietly boosted production in September, raising output some 10 percent above official quotas, according to the latest figures from the International Energy Agency.
But Iraq's vast oil reserves remain a powerful prize for global oil companies. Iraq is sitting on an estimated 112 billion barrels of crude, a pool of oil second in size only to Saudi Arabia's 264 billion barrels. (By way of comparison, proven U.S. reserves total about 22 billion barrels; the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve holds about 600 million barrels.)
Development of those Iraqi reserves will be no small project. After years of decay, Iraq's oil infrastructure will require years of work and billions of dollars in investment, according to Nathaniel Kern, a Middle East analyst at Foreign Reports, Inc. in Washington.
"It's in terrible shape," he said. "The pipelines are leaking lakes (of oil), refineries are dumping toxic waste. It is a broken down industry."
Such a massive rebuilding effort represents a huge opportunity for the companies chosen to tackle it. As the Bush administration has been working to rally support among its allies for a military strike, Saddam Hussein has been using the promise of lucrative oil contracts to weaken that U.S. effort and boost opposition to tougher U.N. resolutions.
Some major deals are already in place. In 1997, Russia's LUKOIL signed contracts to develop Iraq's West Qurna oil field. The same year, the China National Petroleum Corporation bought a 50 percent stake in the al-Ahdab oil field. (Both have been barred from developing those reserves by U.N. sanctions.) More recently, France's TotalFinaElf has reportedly negotiated agreements to develop the much larger Majnoon field, but has not yet signed firm contracts to do so.
Over the years, those deals complicated U.S. efforts to win support for tough action against Baghdad in the U.N. Security Council, where France, Russia and China are permanent members.
WAITING THEIR CHANCE
So far, U.S. oil companies have been stuck on the sidelines of the Iraqi oil rush. Even if Saddam wanted to enlist U.S. firms in the rebuilding of Iraq's oil infrastructure, U.N. sanctions - as well as U.S. laws - have barred American oil companies from dealing with Baghdad.
But some analysts say it's unlikely that American firms will be left empty-handed if the U.S. follows through on threats of military action.
"If you turn up and it's your tanks that dislodged the regime and you have 50,000 troops in the country and they're in your tanks, then you're going to get the best deals," said Credit Suisse First Boston oil analyst Mark Flannery. "That's the way it works. The French will have three men and a 1950s tank. That's just not going to work."
American oil companies are also hoping to benefit from the industry's unusually strong ties to the White House. President Bush, himself the former head of a Texas oil company, has pursued an national energy policy that relies on aggressively expanding new sources of oil. Vice President Dick Cheney is the former CEO of oil services giant Halliburton. National security adviser Condoleezza Rice is a former director of Chevron.
So far, U.S. oil companies have been mum on the subject of the potential spoils of war. A spokesman for ChevronTexaco would say only that "we don't speculate and we don't comment on speculation." Officials at ExxonMobil did not respond to calls for comment.
NOT SO FAST
It's anyone's guess just who will decide how Iraq's oil resources are developed. But some analysts say it's likely those decisions will be made by Iraqis.
"Iraqis are pretty nationalistic," said James Placke, a Middle East analyst at Cambridge Energy Research. "The assumption that the U.S. will just walk in and call the shots - I think that's simplistic. Unless we behave like a colonialist occupier, we're not going to call the shots."
Some analysts note that a large-scale, occupying army would further inflame anti-American sentiment in the region and destabilize Iraq's oil-rich neighbors, notably Saudi Arabia.
So a lot depends on just what kind of government is in power when U.N. sanctions are lifted. Even if the U.S. ousts Saddam, say analysts, any new government would face the daunting task of unifying rival ethnic groups and keeping a lid on political infighting.
"Ruling Iraq will be an absolute nightmare," said Bill O'Grady, a commodities analyst at A.G. Edwards in St Louis.
A regime change could also dramatically reshuffle the deck for global oil giants trying to make the most of the cards they've been dealt. The Iraqi National Congress, an exiled opposition group that might have a role in any new government, has said it would review all oil contracts negotiated by Saddam Hussein. New contracts might offer less attractive terms, according to Placke.
"(Existing contracts) were done on a production sharing basis, which some Iraqis regard as too generous," he said. "They would prefer to go back to a straight service contract. That's not of much interest to most larger oil companies."
FEAR INSIDE OPEC
No matter who ends up developing Iraq's reserves, a revitalized Iraqi oil industry poses new problems for the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, whose 10 members carved up Iraq's production quotas when U.N. sanction took hold in 1991. By some estimates, a rebuilt Iraqi oil industry could produce as much as six million barrels a day, second only to Saudi Arabia as top OPEC producer. As Iraqi production rises, say analysts, oil prices would likely fall unless OPEC cuts back elsewhere. But it's not at all clear how closely Iraq will cooperate with OPEC once sanctions are lifted.
Russia's role in developing Iraqi oil production also strengthens its threat to OPEC's grip on oil prices. Now second to Saudi Arabia in output, Russian oil companies would benefit from increasing output and boosting market share - even if oil prices fall. And Iraqi oil is cheaper to produce than Russian reserves buried deep below the Western Siberian permafrost.
The Russian government, though, may be less enthusiastic about boosting Iraqi production if it sends oil prices falling too far. Moscow is heavily dependent on oil as a critical source of foreign exchange, and the loss of all those petrodollars could send the fragile Russian economy back into a deep recession.
Russian oil companies have been pressing for guarantees that their deals won't be jeopardized by any U.S.-led move to oust Saddam - so far, those pleas have fallen on deaf ears. Russia's relationship with Iraq is further complicated by an estimated $7-$9 billion in loans owed by Baghdad to Moscow. Russia is also a major supplier of manufactured goods to Iraq.
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