OLD US GSMD STANDARD (Before 85 thru 94 approx.)







A large powerful, alert, short-coated dog of sturdy appearance.












Flat and broad, with slight stop.  Strong, not clumsy.  Skull and muzzle of equal length.  Muzzle blunt, not pointed, moderately long and powerful, never snipey.   Nose broad with slight rise before end.  Scissors bite, never over or undershot.  All teeth present.  Eyes are dark brown, medium size, neitehr deep set nor prominant, with tight lids.  Ears of medium size, triangular, set on fairly high and hanging flat, but carried forard when dog is at attention.  Tight, clean lips without flews.  No dewlap.











Neck of moderate length, strong, muscular, clean. Body length to height is 10 to 9.   Back moderately long, strong and straight.  Belly straight.  Chest deep and broad with slightly protruding breast bone.  Ribs well sprung.  Withers high and long.  Loins broad and powerful.  Croup long, broad and slightly rounded off at rear.  Tail fairly level, reaching to hocks.  Carried down in repose and only slightly raised when excited.  Never curled. 









Shoulders long, sloping and strong, flat and well muscled. Forelegs straight and strong.   Feet round, compact with well long arched toes. Rear dew claws must be removed..




















Top coat dense, 1 to 1 3/4 inches long. Undercoat thick and sometimes showing. 



Shiny black with glossy rust-red marks on cheeks, above eyes, and on all four legs.   Symmetrical white blaze on muzzle and chest. White feet and tail tip.  Small white patch on back of neck or white ring around neck permitted.  Absence of white on blaze or chest is a fault.  Red always lies between black and white. 










Good reach in front, powerful drive in rear. Movement with a level back.


Height at the highest point on the shoulder:  Males  25 1/2 to 28 1/2 inches; females  23 1/2 to 27 inches


Bold, faithful, willing worker. Alert and vigilant. Nervousness or aggressiveness should be severely penalized.







General Appearance

The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is a draft breed and should structurally appear as such. It is a striking, tri-colored, large, powerful dog of sturdy appearance.

Size, Proportion, and Substance

Height at the highest point on the shoulder is ideally:

Dogs: 25.5 to 28.5 inches
Bitches: 23.5 to 27 inches

Body length to height is a 10 to 9 proportion. The body is full.


Expression is animated and gentle. The eyes are dark brown, medium sized, neither deep set nor prominent with close fitting eyelids. Eye rims are black. The ears are medium sized, set
high, triangular in shape, gently rounded at the tip, and hang close to the head when in repose. When alert, the ears are brought forward and raised at the base. The top of the ear is
level with the top of the skull. The skull is flat and broad with a slight stop. The skull and muzzle are of equal length. The muzzle is blunt, not pointed. The muzzle is also strong and straight. The nose is always black. The lips are clean and as a dry-mouthed breed, flews are only slightly
developed. The teeth meet in a scissor bite.




Neck, Topline, and Body

The neck is of moderate length, strong, muscular and clean. The topline is level from the withers
to the croup. The chest is deep and broad with a slight protruding breast bone. Withers are high and long. Body is full with a slight tuck-up. Ribs are well sprung. The loins are broad and strong. The croup is long, broad and smoothly rounded to the tail insertion. The tail is fairly level reaching to the hocks, carried down in repose and raised when excited. The bones of the tail should be straight.



The shoulders are long, sloping and strong. They are flat and well muscled. Forelegs are straight and strong. The pasterns slope very slightly, but are never weak. The feet are round
and compact with well arched toes. The dew claws may or may not be present.


The thighs are broad, strong and muscular. The stifles are moderately bent and taper smoothly into the hocks. The hocks are well let down and straight when viewed from the rear. Dew claws must be removed. Feet are compact and turn neither in or out.









The top coat is dense, 1 to 1 and 3/4 inches long. The undercoat may be thick and sometimes showing. 



The ground color is jet black. The markings are rich rust and white. Symmetry of markings is desired. Rust appears over each eye, on each cheek, on each side of the chest, on all four legs, and under the tail. There is a white blaze and muzzle. A white marking on the chest typically forms and inverted cross. The tip of the tail is white, and white is present on the feet with rust between the white and black on each leg. White patches or a collar is permitted around the neck.




Good reach in front, powerful drive in rear. Movement with a level back.





Bold, faithful, willing worker. Alert and vigilant. Nervousness or aggressiveness should be severely penalized.


Any ground color other than black. Blue eye color.



Great Swiss Mountain Dog
(Grosser Schweizer Sennenhund)

ORIGIN: Switzerland

UTILIZATION: Originally watch and draught dog; present day also companion, guard and
family dog.

General appearance: A tricolour, sturdy heavy boned and well muscled dog. In spite of his
size and weight, he shows perseverance and mobility.

Important proportions:
Body length to height at withers = 10 : 9
Depth of chest to height at withers = 1 : 2
Length of skull to length of muzzle = 1 : 1
Width of skull to width of muzzle = 2 : 1

Confident, alert, watchful and fearless in everyday situations. Good natured and devoted
towards those familiar to him. Self assured with strangers. Medium temperament.

strong in relation to the body, but not heavy. Dogs stronger in head than bitches.

flat and broad. The frontal furrow which begins at the stop gradually fades out towards the top.
Stop: shallow.

Nose: always black. Nasal bridge straight, without furrow
Muzzle: strong, longer than its depth. Must not be pointed seen either from above or in profile
Lips: barely defined, close fitting. Colour black
Teeth: complete, strong and regular scissor bite. The absence of just one (1) premolar (PM1
or PM2) is tolerated. Absence of molars M3 not considered
Eyes: almond shaped, medium size, neither deep set nor protruding. Hazel to chestnut brown,
with alert friendly expression. Lids close fitting
Ears: medium size, triangular and set on fairly high. In repose hanging flat and close to cheeks,
but raised foreward when attentive. Well covered with hair, both inside and out

strong, muscular, rather thick set. No dewlap

Back: moderately long, strong and straight
Loins: broad and well muscled
Rump: long and broad. Falling away in a gentle slope
Chest: strong, broad, reaching to the elbows. Chest shaped like a roundish oval (seen in cross
section); ribs neither flat nor barrel-shaped. Forechest well developed, noticeably broad
Belly: belly and flanks barely tucked up
Tail: fairly heavy, reaching to the hocks, pendulous in repose. When alert and in movement,
carried higher and slightly curved upwards, but never curled or tilted over the back

General: standing not too broad, straight and parallel seen from the front
Shoulders: long, strong, well laid back, close fitting to the body and well muscled, forming a
not too obtuse angle with the upper arm
Forearm: heavy-boned and straight
Pasterns: firm, in vertical position seen from the front; almost vertical position when seen from
the side
General: straight, parallel and not too close when seen from the back. Hocks and feet turn
neither in nor out. Dewclaws must be removed
Upper thigh: fairly long. Seen from the side, should form a definite obtuse angle to the lower
thigh. Thighs broad, strong and well muscled.
Hocks: strong and well angulated.
Feet: strong, pointing straight ahead, tight, with well arched toes and strong nails.
Movement: free, striding, even movement in all gaits. Far reaching free forward movement
with good drive from hindquarters. When trotting, limbs move in a straight line when seen from
front or back.

Texture of coat: Double coat consisting of thick medium length outercoat and dense
undercoat. The latter as dark grey or black as possible. Sort outercoat permissible if there is
Colour: Main colour black with reddish-brown markings. The reddish-brown colour is situated
between the black and the white clean markings. The reddish-brown colour is situated between
the black and the white markings on the cheeks, above the eyes, on the inside of the ears, on
both sides of the forechest, on all four legs and underneath the tail. The white markings are on
the head (blaze) and muzzle, running along unbroken from the throat to the chest, also on feet
and tip of tail. Between the blaze and the reddish-brown markings above the eyes, a band of
black should remain. A white patch on the neck or a white collar round the neck are tolerated.

Height at withers: Dogs: 65 - 72 cm Bitches: 60 - 68 cm.

FAULTS: Any deviation from the above points must be regarded as faults whose assessment
should be in direct relation to the degree of deviation.
- Strong deviation from body proportions and size.
- Faults in construction.
- Lack of correct gender characteristics.
- Too fine or too coarse bone.
- Insufficient muscle.
- Too fine or heavy a head.
- Pendant lips (flews).
- Ears set on too high, too low or too far back.
- Pincer bite. Over- or undershot mouth.
- Absence of more than one PM 1 or one PM 2.
- Entropion, ectropion.
- Light eyes.
- Sway back.
- Badly carried tail.
- Bad angulation in front- or hindquarters.
- Splayed toes.
- Visible yellow brownish or light grey undercoat.
- Mismarkings.
- Blaze too wide.
- White marking on muzzle which (clearly) reaches considerably further than the corners of the
- White pasterns or hocks (="boots") reaching further than the pastern joints or hock joints.
- Noticeably asymmetrical markings.
- Colours and markings not clean.
Disqualifying faults:
- Other than tricolour coat.
- Main colour other than black.
- Wall eye.
- Short coat with missing undercoat.
- Serious faults in temperament (excessive aggression or nervousness).
N.B.: Male dogs must have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.